Read Winston S. Churchill: Youth, 1874-1900 (Volume I) by Randolph S. Churchill Free Online
Book Title: Winston S. Churchill: Youth, 1874-1900 (Volume I)|
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The author of the book: Randolph S. Churchill
Date of issue: April 5th 2015
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Format files: PDF
The size of the: 13.15 MB
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An interesting concept where this is set-up through a series of letters to and from different people to give a sense of Churchill's first 26 years and it works really well.
Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace on 30-NOV-1874. His father was Lord Randolph Churchill and mother was Jennie Jerome from New York.
The book goes into a little detail about his father and mother and there was one curious incident where Lord Randolph's brother, George Charles Marquess of Blandford, had eloped with the wife of the Earl of Aylesford, who was a close friend of the Prince of Wales. Lord Randolph threatened to publicly expose an alleged romance between the Prince of Wales and Lady Aylesford. As you can imagine the Prince of Wales was not happy and Lord Randolph became persona non grata and he ended up having to move the family to Ireland for some years until things in England calmed down which they did and when they eventually moved back Winston went to school in Brighton and then onto Harrow. His father had gone to Eaton. He had a younger brother John who everyone called Jack.
It took Churchill three attempts to get into the army and managed enough in the exam to get a cavalry cadetship at Sandhurst. He really enjoyed riding.
Lord Randolph dies in 1894.
In 1895 he joins the 4th Hussars. With his friend he decides to go to visit New York and then onto volatile Cuba. He was only 21 years of age when out in Cuba and had his first journalistic assignment sending despatches back to the Daily Graphic. He was reporting from the Spanish side who were fighting against Cuban rebels who wanted rid of Spanish administration.
On 11-SEP-1896 he sailed to India on the SS Britannia with the 4th Hussars. In India he meets Pamela Plowden whose father was in the Indian Civil service. India bored him and he volunteers to go the northwest frontier and the siege of Malakand where the British faced a force of Pakistani tribesmen. He was second lieutenant in the cavalry but was again writing for newspapers, mainly the Daily Telegraph. From this he wrote 'The Story of the Malakand Force'.
In 1899 he wrote 'The River War' after going to Egypt and joining up with Kitchener's forces. A few miles short of Khartoum in Sudan was the Mahdist War between Britain and the Dervish. He was there for the Battle of Omdurman.
In 1857 the Transvaal (province in north-east South Africa) was a Boer Republic but Britain's annexation of the Transvaal in 1877 led to the Boer Wars. The Morning Post offered a lucrative contract for Churchill to be their war correspondent. on 15-NOV-1899 he was on an armoured train ambushed by the Boers, they had put a boulder on the track to stop the train, but Churchill assisted courageously but two were killed, ten wounded and 56 captured including Churchill. The captives were taken to Pretoria, the Boer capital.There he was imprisoned in a converted school. After 4 weeks he escaped. Jumped over a wall and waited for other prisoners who eventually did not make it and he went on his way.
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